Formation of GAIL
GAIL (India) Ltd was incorporated in August 1984 as a Central Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MoP&NG). The company was initially given the responsibility of construction, operation & maintenance of the Hazira – Vijaypur – Jagdishpur (HVJ) pipeline Project. It was one of the largest cross-country natural gas pipeline projects in the world. Originally this 1800 Km long pipeline was built at a cost of Rs 1700 Crores and it laid the foundation for development of market for natural Gas in India.
Current Businesses - Domestic
GAIL, after having started as a natural gas transmission company during the late eighties, has grown organically by building large network of Natural Gas Pipelines covering over 9500 Km with a capacity of around 172 MMSCMD; two LPG Pipelines covering 2040 Km with a capacity of 3.3 MMTPA of LPG; seven gas processing plants for production of LPG and other Liquid Hydrocarbons, with a production capacity of 1.4 MMTPA; and a gas based integrated Petrochemical plant of 410,000 TPA polymer capacity which is further being expanded to a capacity of 900,000 TPA. The Company also has 70% equity share in Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL) which is setting up a 280,000 TPA polymer plant in Assam. Further, GAIL is a co-promoter with 17% equity stake in ONGC Petro-additions Limited (OPaL) which is implementing a green field petrochemical complex of 1.1 MMTPA Ethylene capacity at Dahej in the State of Gujarat. GAIL has 31.52% stake along with NTPC as equal partner in JV company, RGPPL at Dabhol which operates largest gas based power generation facility in the country and is also setting up 5 MMTPA LNG terminal.
Keeping in mind the requirement of growth and consolidation as well as opportunities arising out of New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) of Government of India, the company has moved into upstream of gas value chain i.e. Exploration & Production and currently has stakes in 31 E&P blocks including 2 blocks overseas (in Myanmar).
GAIL is a pioneer in City Gas Distribution (CGD) business in India, with Indraprastha Gas Limited (IGL) in Delhi and Mahanagar Gas Limited (MGL) in Mumbai being its biggest success stories. Besides IGL and MGL, GAIL has set up several JVs for CGD to supply gas to households, transport sector & commercial consumers in various cities including Hyderabad, Agartala, Kanpur, Indore, Vadodara, Lucknow, Agra and Pune. In 2008, GAIL incorporated a wholly owned subsidiary, GAIL Gas Ltd (GGL) to exclusively focus on city gas distribution business. GGL has been authorized for implementation of CGD projects in four cities namely Kota, Dewas, Sonepat & Meerut in the 1st round of bidding by Petroleum & Natural Gas Regulatory Board (PNGRB).
Leveraging on its pipeline network, GAIL has built a strong Optic Fibre Cable (OFC) network of approximately 13,000 km for its own internal use and leasing of bandwidth as a carriers' carrier.
As a part of its initiative towards reducing carbon footprint and creating a path of sustainable growth, GAIL is building a portfolio of renewable businesses. The company has successfully commissioned wind energy power projects of 118 MW across states of Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
As a strategy of going global and further expanding global footprint, GAIL has formed a wholly-owned subsidiary company, GAIL Global (Singapore) Pte Ltd. in Singapore for pursuing overseas business opportunities including LNG & petrochemical trading. GAIL has also established a wholly owned subsidiary, GAIL Global (USA) Inc. in Texas, USA. The US subsidiary has acquired 20% working interest in an unincorporated joint venture with Carrizo Oil & Gas Inc in the Eagle Ford shale acreage in the state of Texas. In addition to having two wholly owned subsidiaries in Singapore & USA, GAIL has a representative office in Cairo, Egypt to pursue business opportunities in Africa and Middle East.
GAIL is also an equity partner in two retail gas companies in Egypt, namely Fayum Gas Company (FGC) and National Gas Company (Natgas). Besides, GAIL is an equity partner in a retail gas company involved in city gas and CNG business in China – China Gas Holdings Limited (China Gas). Further, GAIL and China Gas have formed an equally owned joint venture company – GAIL China Gas Global Energy Holdings Limited for pursuing gas sector opportunities primarily in China.
GAIL is a part of consortium in two offshore E&P blocks in Myanmar and also holds participating interest in the joint venture company – South East Asia Gas Pipeline Company Limited incorporated for transportation of gas to be produced from two blocks in Myanmar to China.
Consistent track record
GAIL has been a leading public enterprise with a consistently excellent financial track record. The Turnover and PAT have shown remarkable accomplishment with CAGR of 16% and 12% respectively in the last decade.
GAIL has recently developed corporate growth strategy for the period 2011-20 and the same has been approved by the Board of Directors. GAIL aspires to become an integrated hydrocarbon major with significant upstream and downstream interests by 2020.